The Robie House, located in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the most iconic buildings in American architecture. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1909, the building is a masterpiece of the Prairie School style. The Robie House plan is still relevant today, and in this article, we will take a closer look at its design and how it can inspire modern architecture.
History of the Robie House
The Robie House was commissioned by Frederick C. Robie, a businessman who wanted a home that represented his success and modern values. Wright designed the house to be a radical departure from traditional architecture, with its horizontal lines and open floor plan. The house was completed in 1910 and became an instant icon of modern architecture.
The Design of the Robie House Plan
The Robie House plan is a perfect example of the Prairie School style, which emphasizes horizontal lines, low-pitched roofs, and integration with the surrounding landscape. The plan is divided into three main sections: the living room, the dining room, and the bedrooms. The living room is the heart of the house, with a fireplace and large windows that open onto the surrounding landscape.
The Influence of the Robie House Plan
The Robie House plan has had a significant influence on modern architecture, particularly in the United States. Its emphasis on open space and integration with the surrounding landscape has been adopted by many architects. The house also inspired the development of the ranch-style home, which became popular in the mid-20th century.
Tips for Incorporating the Robie House Plan into Modern Architecture
Here are some tips for incorporating the Robie House plan into modern architecture:
1. Emphasize Horizontal Lines
The Robie House plan emphasizes horizontal lines, which help to create a sense of spaciousness and openness. To incorporate this into modern architecture, consider using long, low-pitched roofs and horizontal windows.
2. Use Natural Materials
The Robie House plan emphasizes the use of natural materials such as wood, stone, and brick. To incorporate this into modern architecture, consider using materials such as reclaimed wood and natural stone.
3. Emphasize Open Spaces
The Robie House plan emphasizes open spaces, which help to create a sense of flow and connection between different areas of the house. To incorporate this into modern architecture, consider using open floor plans and large windows that connect the interior of the house to the surrounding landscape.
4. Use Geometric Shapes
The Robie House plan uses geometric shapes such as squares and rectangles to create a sense of order and symmetry. To incorporate this into modern architecture, consider using geometric shapes in the design of the house, such as rectangular windows or a square-shaped courtyard.
The Robie House plan is a testament to the enduring appeal of modern architecture. Its emphasis on open space, natural materials, and horizontal lines has influenced countless architects and designers over the years. By incorporating these elements into modern architecture, we can create homes that are both beautiful and functional, and that connect us to the natural world around us.